Asus has a "QVL" - a list of tested ram for each board. I can't speak for other manufacturers.
The memory controller is in the Intel processor, not on the motherboard. Sandy Bridge runs it at 1333 native, even when turbo is enabled on the processor it still runs it at 1333. The only way I recommend to run it faster is by using XMP. The chipset is designed for 1.5 volt ram.